Quantitative Research..

Quantitative research on news sources confirms the qualitative conclusions, that nearly half the front page stories (domestic and foreign) in certain press runs have been found to originate from officials

(Sigal, 1987)

The quality of a story’s sources affects its news value. The more elite the source, the more newsworthy the story. The converse is also true. Exposure as a news source reinforces the sources authority as well as reflecting it. It is in a journalists interests to present cited news sources in the most authoritative light..once in a story, a journalist inserted into each of his first few paragraphs a fresh piece of evidence expanding on his sources credentials. By the third such qualification, the technique read like a parody – the journalist ‘protested too much’.

There is said to be a close relationship between authority as a source and standing as a newsmaker (Sigal 1987), the ideal news source is also a news actor, someone who’s words make news..how stories label news actors illuminates news values. News stories do not take time out to describe their characters, the face-to-face narrator may introduce his story with whole sentences of description and characterization. The news story characterizes its actors in passing, within the flow of telling the action. Many commentators have pointed out the significance of how news actors are labelled – particularly evident in situations of conflict..if conflict resolution is/was their covering role..

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Quantitative Research..

In-frequent trade…

  • Invest in shares, funds, cash or bonds
  • Make regular investments in shares for £1.50
  • Pay only £2 to buy and sell UK and International shares (all International shares are totally commission free on 7 November) until 2014 (terms apply**).
  • From January 2014, pay just £20 per quarter and get two commission-free trades per quarter. Any subsequent trades are just £10, or £5 with our frequent trader rate. We don’t charge extra to trade International shares, making us one of the most competitive services available
  • Competitive Foreign exchange rates
  • No extra charge to trade by phone
  • Add an ISA for free

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In-frequent trade…

Economy of Knowledge; perspectives on Stagnation

Knowledge becomes a valuable resource and since it is moving fast the life span of knowledge, especially technologies, is ever shortened..

Differing perspectives on the half-life of knowledge, once stated that..the amount of knowledge in the world is doubling every 10 years..subjects such as technologies, medicine and pharmaceuticals are more susceptible to this decay..

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Economy of Knowledge; perspectives on Stagnation

What you say? – Changed Lately…

Merchant Histories, Seed money and Chartered Equitable lives…

1725: Richard Cantillon: An entrepreneur is a person who pays a certain price for a product to resell it at an uncertain price, thereby making decisions about obtaining and using the resources while consequently admitting the risk of enterprise.

1803: Jean-Baptiste Say: An entrepreneur is an economic agent who unites all means of production- land of one, the labour of another and the capital of yet another and thus produces a product. By selling the product in the market he pays rent of land, wages to labour, interest on capital and what remains is his profit. He shifts economic resources out of an area of lower and into an area of higher productivity and greater yield.

1934: Schumpeter: Entrepreneurs are innovators who use a process of shattering the status quo of the existing products and services, to set up new products, new services.

1949: C.H. Danhoff: Entrepreneurship is an activity or function and not a specific individual or occupation . . . the specific personal entrepreneur is an unrealistic abstraction.[2]

1961: David McClleland: An entrepreneur is a person with a high need for achievement [N-Ach]. He is energetic and a moderate risk taker.

1964: Peter Drucker: An entrepreneur searches for change, responds to it and exploits opportunities. Innovation is a specific tool of an entrepreneur hence an effective entrepreneur converts a source into a resource.

1971: Kilby: Emphasizes the role of an imitator entrepreneur who does not innovate but imitates technologies innovated by others. Are very important in developing economies.

1975: Albert Shapero: Entrepreneurs take initiative, accept risk of failure and have an internal locus of control.

1975: Howard Stevenson: Entrepreneurship is “the pursuit of opportunity without regard to resources currently controlled.”[3]

1983: G. Pinchot: Intrapreneur is an entrepreneur within an already established organization.[note 1]

1985: W.B. Gartner: Entrepreneur is a person who started a new business where there was none before.

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What you say? – Changed Lately…

Public liability Insurance & Brokerage

To restrain, to make liable for continued group action against – not in the best interests of..{language of cost and premiums}

Insurance broker became a regulated term under the Insurance Brokers (Registration) Act 1977[2] which was designed to thwart the bogus practices of firms holding themselves as brokers but in fact acting as representative of one or more favoured insurance companies. The term now has no legal definition following the repeal of the 1977 Act. The sale of general insurance has been regulated by the Financial Services Authority since 14 January 2005. Any person or firm authorised by the Financial Services Authority can now call themselves an insurance broker.

Insurance brokerage is largely associated with general insurance (car, house etc.) rather than life insurance, although some brokers continued to provide investment and life insurance brokerage until the onset of more onerous Financial Services Authority regulation in 2001. This drove a more transparent regime based predominantly on up front negotiation of a fee for the provision of advice and/or services. This saw the splitting of intermediaries into two groups: general insurance intermediaries/brokers and independent financial advisers (IFAs) for life insurance, investments and pensions.

General insurance brokering is carried out today by many types of authorised organisations including traditional high street brokers and telephone or web-based firms.

A Lloyd’s broker is a firm of brokers that has been approved by Lloyd’s of London, and having met certain minimum standards, is able to place business directly with Lloyd’s underwriters

Public liability Insurance & Brokerage